• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

Land Tenurial System
Land tenurial system

I am Lakshman Kumar, son of Hetram. I belong to village Sibotar, P.O. Nakuni via Kundal, District Samastipur in Bihar State. I am a chamar by caste and was born in August, 1971. We are four brothers and one sister. My father, being landless, works as an agricultural laborer. After grueling manual labor for more than 8 hours daily he is able to earn barely 250 Kgs of grain for the whole year. Sometimes he works as a bataidar but even after investing his labor and other resources he gets barely 50 percent of the produce, which is grossly inadequate for the survival of his family. It is for this reason that my mother remained perpetually worried, not knowing today ...

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