• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

In Retrospect and Prospect
In retrospect and prospect

On the surface we have all that we needed to have and we have done all that was required to be done constitutionally and legally in so far as elimination of bonded labor system is concerned. Apart from having clear Constitutional Provisions (Article 23, 24, 38, and 39), we have ratified ILO Convention No. 29 of 1930 and Convention No. 105 of 1957 in 1954 and 2000, respectively. In pursuance of the obligation emanating from the said ratification, the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act was passed by both the Houses of Parliament on February 9, 1976 but given retrospective effect to from October 25, 1975, the day the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Ordinance had been promulgated by the ...

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