• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

Public Interest Litigation and Judicial Activism
Public interest litigation and judicial activism

Of the three wings of the government, the legislature enacts the law and carries out the amendments to the law, the judiciary interprets the law and lays down guidelines, while the executive is responsible for implementation of the law. The judiciary is represented by Courts at various levels with a clearly defined jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters, the legislature by Parliament and Assemblies/Councils, and the executive by Council of Ministers and their advisers (the bureaucracy) at the Central and State level.

The Supreme Court of India represents the Union Judiciary at the apex level while the High Courts represent the State judiciary. The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in any dispute concerning Government of ...

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