• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

International Instruments and Initiatives
International instruments and initiatives

An international instrument is one which once ratified by a member state (of the concerned international organization formulating and adopting the instrument) creates a Treaty obligation and becomes legally binding on that member state. They exist in multiple forms such as Declarations, Covenants, Conventions, Treaties, and Protocols, and so on. They are adopted either by the General Assembly of the UN or by any other specialized agency of the UN like the International Labour Organization. Each of these instruments has a specific context, purpose, mandate, and modality of operation. They are primarily meant to create a positive international consciousness about the pernicious character of certain social evils like forced labor, child labor, cross border trafficking for commercial sexual ...

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