• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

Globalization, State, and Market
Globalization, state, and market

“X” (34) belongs to a lower middle class family of Delhi. His father who owned a small restaurant passed away about six months back leaving behind X, a traumatized widow and a few other members of the family. The responsibility for managing the household, as well as, the restaurant fell on the shoulders of X. X had taken a car loan in August 2004 for which payments were made on time. He was flooded with telephone calls from a reputed bank having a branch in the area where X lived and was persuaded to take two more loans amounting to ₹ 56,000 and ₹ 37,000 in June and July 2004 respectively. X had defaulted only on two installments. ...

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