• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.

Credit and Indebtedness
Credit and indebtedness

Credit constitutes a key input in programs of production and self-employment and in creation of productive assets. It also has a protective, promotional, and developmental role. The protective role lies in credit available at concessional rates of interest (as compared to the usurious rates of interest charged by moneylenders) and thereby protecting the members of SC, ST, and other weaker sections of the society from the exploitation of moneylenders. The promotional and developmental role lies in credit being made available for productive purposes. Thus credit would enable the purchase of ploughs, plough bullocks, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, making available irrigation facilities and other agricultural inputs, and would thereby enable the generation of incremental income from these inputs.

However, credit has to be ...

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