This book's unique child-centered perspective provides an easy-to-follow model for teaching research methodology to children to participate actively in their own education.
Chapter 5: Observation Techniques
Teaching Content for Session 5
Timing: 90 minutes + 30 minutes follow-up work.
Observation can be undertaken in several ways and with differing levels of researcher involvement. Naturalistic observation occurs where the observer does nothing to manipulate or stimulate the behaviour of the individuals being observed, aiming for as natural and typical a situation as possible. Supposing you were interested in researching ways in which young children interact with an older sibling. Naturalistic observation would involve observing the two siblings in an environment that was typical and where they would ‘naturally’ have opportunities to interact together – e.g. at a mealtime in their home environment. Naturalistic observation can be undertaken either from the outside looking in – like being a ‘fly on the ...