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Award-winning brain research expert David A. Sousa explains current research on how the brain learns language and provides strategies for teaching English language learners.

Teaching Mathematics and Science
Teaching mathematics and science
Teaching Mathematics to ELLs

Along with their ELL peers, even native English-speaking students have difficulty with learning mathematics, as evidenced by the poor performance of U.S. students on international standardized mathematics exams. For example, in the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) test for fourth grade, U.S. students stood in 11th place among the 36 nations whose students took the exam; in the eighth-grade test, U.S. students stood ninth among the 48 nations involved. The good news is that the U.S. scores have improved during the last 12 years that these tests have been given (IEA, 2007). On national tests, 39 percent of all fourth graders score at or above the proficient level on a national ...

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