Award-winning brain research expert David A. Sousa explains current research on how the brain learns language and provides strategies for teaching English language learners.
Chapter 3: Teaching English Language Listening and Speaking
Teaching English Language Listening and Speaking
Searching for the Best Model
Sorry, but there is no one best way to teach the English language to nonnative speakers. Now there are a number of existing instructional models, such as total and partial immersion, bilingual instruction in English and the learner's native language, the whole-language model, and separate skills instruction (based on listening, speaking, reading, and writing). The many programs can be divided into two basic categories: (1) those that focus on developing the students' literacy in two languages, and (2) those that focus on developing the students' literacy solely in English. Table 3.1 shows the types of programs that exist in each of these categories.
But we know that students come with their ...