• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Award-winning brain research expert David A. Sousa explains current research on how the brain learns language and provides strategies for teaching English language learners.

Who are English Language Learners?

For the purposes of this book, the term English language learner (ELL) refers to a diverse group of students who have one common feature—they are all learning English as other than their native language. There are other labels for these students. Official documents may refer to them as limited English proficient (LEP), and the terms language-minority and bilingual are common. Various government entities and national organizations favor some terms over others. They argue, for example, that the term language-minority students does not make sense in those communities where they outnumber their native English-speaking peers. Others suggest that the term limited English proficient places too much emphasis on what the student cannot do, hardly a positive approach. Even the term second-language ...

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