• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book takes a close look inside political parties, bringing together the findings of an international team of leading scholars. Building on a unique set of cross-national data on party organizations, the contributors set out to explain how parties organize, how they have changed and how they have adapted to the changing political and organizational circumstances in which they find themselves. The contributors are recognized authorities on the party systems of their countries, and have all been involved in gathering data on party membership, party finance and the internal structure of power. They add to the analysis of these original data an expert knowledge of the wider political patterns in their countries, and thus p

Finland: Nationalized Parties, Professionalized Organizations
Finland: Nationalized parties, professionalized organizations

The five party organizations which are considered in this chapter were all established in the early years of this century, building on a heritage which goes back to the 1800s. This chapter focuses on how they have organized themselves, especially with regard to leadership, membership activity and the role of the staff during the period from the early 1960s to the beginning of the 1990s. This was a period of heavy urbanization, of strong public service expansion and of radical improvements in the economic standard of living, and in response to these major social changes, parties have been under pressure to find a new political role. The most visible signs of change, however, are those relating ...

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