This book takes a close look inside political parties, bringing together the findings of an international team of leading scholars. Building on a unique set of cross-national data on party organizations, the contributors set out to explain how parties organize, how they have changed and how they have adapted to the changing political and organizational circumstances in which they find themselves. The contributors are recognized authorities on the party systems of their countries, and have all been involved in gathering data on party membership, party finance and the internal structure of power. They add to the analysis of these original data an expert knowledge of the wider political patterns in their countries, and thus p
Chapter 6: Denmark: The Decline of the Membership Party?
Denmark: The Decline of the Membership Party?
The Danish Conception of Party Organization
Despite its categorical formulation, few scholars will disagree with the essence of Panebianco's (1988: 50) statement that ‘a party's organizational characteristics depend more upon its history, i.e. on how the organization originated and how it consolidated, than upon any other factor’. Certainly in Denmark, the specific circumstances behind the founding of the party organizations and the traditions, procedures and practice that gradually developed during their formative decades, and especially from the mid-nineteenth century to around 1920, are essential for a proper understanding of the modern party organizations.
Two sets of rules have had an important impact on the organization of Danish political parties: first, the constitution and the ...