This book takes a close look inside political parties, bringing together the findings of an international team of leading scholars. Building on a unique set of cross-national data on party organizations, the contributors set out to explain how parties organize, how they have changed and how they have adapted to the changing political and organizational circumstances in which they find themselves. The contributors are recognized authorities on the party systems of their countries, and have all been involved in gathering data on party membership, party finance and the internal structure of power. They add to the analysis of these original data an expert knowledge of the wider political patterns in their countries, and thus p

Party Organization as an Empty Vessel: Parties in American Politics

Party Organization as an Empty Vessel: Parties in American Politics

Party organization as an empty vessel: Parties in american politics
Richard S.Katz and RobinKolodny

Conventionally, the United States is described as having two parties — the Democrats and the Republicans. At one level, this is accurate. In 1991, all one hundred senators, 434 out of 435 members of the House of Representatives, and the president and vice-president had been elected either as Democrats or as Republicans, as had 49 of the 50 state governors. Indeed, what was remarkable about the 1990 and 1992 congressional elections was the high number (that is, one) of candidates elected who were not Democrats or Republicans — the highest number since 1952. With a few minor exceptions, the Democratic and Republican labels ...

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