This lively and accessible text provides an introduction to the history of crime and crime control. It explains the historical background that is essential for an understanding of contemporary criminal justice and examines the historical context for contemporary criminological debates. For each topic, the book provides an overview of current research, comment on current arguments, and links to wider debates.

Incarceration and Decarceration

Incarceration and decarceration


Chapter 8:

  • Discusses the aims of punishment – deterrence, rehabilitation, capacitation and retribution – and how these have developed over time.
  • Explores the promise of the penitentiary and the reformatory, the use of the death penalty, corporal punishment, transportation, and the longstanding debate about prison conditions.
  • Asks: What about punishment today? If the nineteenth century can be described ...
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