- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 5: Germany: Continuous Intergovernmental Negotiations
Germany: Continuous Intergovernmental Negotiations
Introduction: The Overall Setting
Government between Cultural Diversity and Homogeneity of Living Conditions
The Federal Republic of Germany was founded in 1949 as a successor state to the German Reich of the pre-war time and as a merger of the post-war Western German–British, French and US occupation zones. In 1990, the German Democratic Republic, previously the post-war Soviet occupation zone, ceased to exist and became part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The constitution (Grundgesetz) of 1949 makes provision for a Federal system, whereby some rights are granted solely to the Federal authorities, others jointly to the Bund and the Länder (the functional equivalent of provinces in Canada, states in the United States, Kantone ...