- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 4: Australia: Benefits and Limits of the Centralized Approach
Australia: Benefits and Limits of the Centralized Approach
The Federation and Higher Education
Australia is a federation of seven states based on geographic territories carved out by British colonization after 1788. In 1901, it became a self-governing dominion of the British Empire with nationhood status. The federal constitution was negotiated between the colonies in 1890–1900 when states’ rights were paramount. Since 1901, Australia has gained fuller sovereignty in relation to the United Kingdom but the constitutional framework of federation has changed a little. In the founding constitution, all matters were subject to state jurisdiction unless an exception was made, for example, the role of national government in defence and foreign trade. In ...