- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 7: India: The Unfulfilled Need for Cooperative Federalism
India: The Unfulfilled Need for Cooperative Federalism
India has one of the largest higher education systems in the world, with some 33 million students. The British established the first modern university in the nineteenth century in India during their colonial rule.1 They introduced a small number of public colleges to train Indian civil servants, engineers and other professionals needed for the colonial administration. They did so using a version of the British higher education model that includes lead universities, owned and operated by provincial governments, certified and regulated affiliated institutions (colleges) that provided the actual education, and were operated almost as independent entities. The provincial governments prescribed policies that the ...