“A definite read for students in counseling programs for improving the lives of older adults!” –Amy Gray-Graves, Webster University Helping Relationships with Older Adults: From Theory to Practice examines the fundamental theoretical perspectives of the aging process with an emphasis on the healthy aspects of aging. Taking a comprehensive approach, the text addresses various therapeutic methods as it highlights the strengths and resiliency of the older population. Exercises and case studies demonstrate key concepts and promote skill development by allowing students to experience the various challenges in the lives of older clients. Helping Relationships with Older Adults: From Theory to Practice is part of the Counseling and Professional Identity Series. To learn more about each text in the Series, please visit www.sagepub.com/cpiseries.

Opportunities in Later Life

Opportunities in Later Life

“Never retire. Michelangelo was carving the Rondanini just before he died at 89. Verdi finished his opera Falstaff at 80. And the 80-year-old Spanish artist Goya scrawled on a drawing, ‘I am still learning.’”

—Dr. W. Gifford-Jones

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Examine the levels of engagement prescribed for older people by the three major psychosocial theories
  • Describe the perceptions of aging in the workplace
  • Analyze the factors impacting the decision to retire and the period of adjustment that accompanies retirement
  • Explain the significance of leisure in the lives of older persons
  • Summarize the benefits of volunteerism on older adults


Adjusting one’s lifestyle in older adulthood to enhance personal well-being can be an opportunity for growth. Such adjustments as employment, ...

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