Like the First Edition, this book serves as a guide to the science and art of community health promotion. The last decade of research and development has considerably advanced the science of achieving and maintaining health. In this new edition, international contributors share their experiences and expertise about diverse health promotion and point out areas needing adjustment in community implementation, both on an international and domestic level.
Chapter 3: Assessing Community Needs, Resources, and Readiness: Building on Strengths
Community analysis is the process of assessing and defining needs, possible barriers and opportunities, and resources involved in initiating community health action programs. This process is variously referred to in the literature as “community diagnosis,” “community needs assessment,” “health education planning,” and “mapping.” Analysis is a critical first step not only in shaping the design of project interventions but also in adapting implementation plans to unique community characteristics. It should define community strengths as well as potential problem areas. The product of community analysis is a dynamic community profile, blending quantitative health and illness statistics and demographic indicators with information on political and sociocultural factors. The ...