Like the First Edition, this book serves as a guide to the science and art of community health promotion. The last decade of research and development has considerably advanced the science of achieving and maintaining health. In this new edition, international contributors share their experiences and expertise about diverse health promotion and point out areas needing adjustment in community implementation, both on an international and domestic level.
Chapter 11: Health and Health Promotion in Latin America: A Social Change Perspective
Latin America starts with the southern border of the United States and extends through nearly 50 countries to the southernmost tips of nations near the Falkland Islands. The width of this region extends between the Caribbean and the Pacific oceans. This vast region has great variations in climate, geography, socioeconomic conditions, and culture. The United Nations has categorized the countries of Latin America into four subregions: (a) the Caribbean, with 22 islands; (b) Central America, with Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama; (c) Tropical South America, with Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, ...