In Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives, Carolyn M. Aldwin and Diane F. Gilmer undertake the challenging task of assembling an objective and holistic picture of human aging. The authors provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary coverage of the physical aspects of aging, including age-related changes and disease-related processes, the demography of the aging population, theories of aging, and the promotion of optimal aging. In addition, the book covers the psychosocial aspects of aging, including mental health, stress and coping, spirituality, and care giving in later years.   Health, Illness and Optimal Aging is recommended for researchers seeking an overview of health psychology and aging, as well as undergraduate and graduate students taking classes in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. This text is also valuable for practitioners working with the elderly in fields such as nursing, social work, occupational and physical therapy, day-care and nursing home administration, psychology, and rehabilitation.

Aging of the Skin and Musculoskeletal System

Aging of the skin and musculoskeletal system

This chapter covers two systems of the body, the skin and the musculoskeletal system. The skin provides the covering for the body and is the first line of defense against bacteria, viruses, and other types of environmental damage. The bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles that make up the musculoskeletal system provide shape and support for the body, make movement and adjustments in position possible, and protect the internal vital organs from external trauma. The skin and the musculoskeletal system provide the most obvious external signs of aging, with both normal changes and disease processes.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an anatomical overview of these systems, present normal age changes, and ...

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