Hate crime is a particularly pernicious form of criminal behaviour that has significant impacts upon victims, their families and wider communities. In this substantially revised and updated edition the book examines the nature, extent and harms of hate crime, and the effectiveness of criminal justice responses to it. It covers racist, religiously motivated, homophobic, disablist and transphobic hate crime, as well as other forms of targeted victimisation such as gendered hostility, elder abuse, attacks upon alternative subcultures and violence against sex workers and the homeless. The book also assesses the complexities and controversies surrounding hate crime legislation and policy-making, as well as the continuing challenges associated with the policing of hate.
The second edition features expanded discussions of international perspectives and contemporary topics such as online hate and cyberbullying, as well as numerous case studies covering issues such as lone wolf extremists, Islamophobia, asylum seekers and the far right. The book contains a range of links to online material that accompany the extensive lists of further reading in each chapter.
Chapter 6: Disablist Hate Crime
Disablist Hate Crime
This chapter assesses the forms and impact of disablist victimisation, a type of hate crime that has only recently started to receive the attention it deserves from the criminal justice system and academics. Prior to this, disablist harassment and violence were routinely misunderstood by agencies within the criminal justice system, who misinterpreted these as ‘motiveless’ anti-social behaviour. Through its assessment of the nature of disablist hate crime and its impacts upon those with physical disabilities, learning difficulties and those who suffer mental ill-health, the chapter notes that disablist hate crime has a number of distinguishing features that set it apart from other forms of hate victimisation.
The chapter goes on to discuss the concept of vulnerability and how it relates ...