• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

NEW TO THIS EDITION: “Women’s Voices: Personal Perspectives on Professional Contributions” includes the voices of seven pioneers in the field (Melba Vasquez, Judith Jordan, Oliva Espin, Carolyn Enns, Jean Lau Chin, Ruth Fassinger, and Joan Chrisler) who have had a major impact on the mental health professions through scholarship, leadership, and/or theory. A chapter on the evolution of feminist psychology expands the scope of the book. A section on issues of social injustice addresses violence against women, intimate partner violence, women in poverty, and the ecology of women’s career barriers. Chapters on African American, East Asian, South Asian, Latina, Jewish, and Muslim women, as well as lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals, highlight the experiences of women whose voices have historically been silenced or overlooked by society. New chapters in the normative issues section cover the impact of military service on women, counseling caregivers, and incorporating spirituality and religion in counseling women. Chapters on mental health concerns specific to women include the new DSM-5 criteria and outcome research. A chapter on infertility and miscarriage and updated chapters on cancer, heart disease, sexually transmitted diseases, and other conditions that disproportionately affect women (such as chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, and migraines) enhance the section on physical illness. Separate chapters on adolescence and emerging, young, middle, and late adulthood strengthen the section on development. KEY FEATURES: Case material and concrete practice recommendations illustrate practical applications of counseling strategies. Women’s issues are explored from a multiculturally-sensitive perspective. Examination of both traditional and progressive theories of counseling adds to the book’s comprehensiveness. Integration of issues of diversity and multiculturalism can be seen throughout.

Contemporary Adaptations of Traditional Approaches to Counseling Women
Chapter 8 contemporary adaptations of traditional approaches to counseling women
Carolyn Zerbe Enns

In 1972, Phyllis Chesler characterized mental health practitioners as offering services that were purported to help women but often exacerbated their problems. She argued that mental health professionals tended to (a) notice signs of pathology and ignore indicators of strength and coping, (b) view “masculine” behaviors as healthier than “feminine” behaviors, (c) conceptualize “real” women as mothers but blame mothers for their children’s problems, and (d) believe that certain women were promiscuous (e.g., rape and child sexual abuse victims) and thus responsible for their emotional pain. Chesler concluded that psychotherapy reinforced sexism, heterosexism, and racism; she contended that “the psychotherapeutic ...

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