This book provides a comprehensive examination of theories and concepts relating to group counselling and shows how differing theoretical frameworks can be used as a basis for practice. Organized around the counselling process, the book considers the practicalities of establishing and running a group, raising awareness of its life cycle, its cultural location and many other diverse issues. Special emphasis is placed on the importance of therapeutic attitudes and philosophies as a basis for practice, and humanistic and existential approaches to group counselling are given particular attention. The author encourages readers to be aware of their conceptual framework and how it influences their work.
Chapter 5: Ending the Group
Ending the Group
This chapter concludes the discussion of the developmental phases/stages of groups begun in Chapter 2 by considering the ending of groups, that is, the clarified group imago (Clarkson, 1991) or the adjourning stage (Tuckman and Jenson, 1977) and what I identify as the historical group imago, parallel to the mourning phase. These are used to frame discussions about endings, about group members leaving – and the ultimate leaving of a group member or the group counsellor dying, and about what happens after the group meeting and what happens after the group itself ends. I conclude with some reflections on time-limited groups and on evaluation.
The Clarified Group – Adjourning
Although Berne (1963) identifies only four phases of people's subjective experience of groups, ...