This book provides a comprehensive examination of theories and concepts relating to group counselling and shows how differing theoretical frameworks can be used as a basis for practice. Organized around the counselling process, the book considers the practicalities of establishing and running a group, raising awareness of its life cycle, its cultural location and many other diverse issues. Special emphasis is placed on the importance of therapeutic attitudes and philosophies as a basis for practice, and humanistic and existential approaches to group counselling are given particular attention. The author encourages readers to be aware of their conceptual framework and how it influences their work.
Chapter 3: Establishing the Group
Establishing the Group
McDougall (1920), one of the earliest writers on groups and one cited by Freud, identifies five conditions for groups – conditions, that is, for raising collective mental life to a higher level:
- That there should be some degree of continuity of existence in the group
- That the individual (participant) should have some definite idea of the nature, composition, function and capacities of the group
- That the group should be brought into interaction with other groups
- That the group should possess traditions, customs and habits, including those which determine group relations
- That the group should have a definite structure
In Chapter 2 I discussed the nature, composition and function of the group in terms of preparing for group counselling. In this chapter, ...