- Subject index
Grassroots Associations is a comprehensive review and critique of empirical and theoretical research on grassroots, nonprofit and voluntary organizations. David Horton Smith examines in depth the distinctive nature and characteristics of a previously under-studied area which includes such groups as Alchoholics Anonymous, community-environmental action committees and church Bible study groups. He addresses: group formation, structure, process, leadership, and life cycle change; effectiveness; the influence such associations have on society; the future of grassroots associations, which he sees as integral to a postmodern society moving towards participatory democracy, self-determinism and individual choice.
Chapter 9: Impact and Effectiveness
Impact and Effectiveness
In this chapter, I am concerned with the causal impact of grassroots associations (GAs) internally, or on their members, and externally, or on their environments. I also am concerned with the organizational factors that tend to affect such impact. The extended literature review to support my conclusions here is mainly published elsewhere (Smith, 1997a, 1999a, 1999b). Earlier overviews were given in Smith (1973a) and Smith and Reddy (1973). Although the literature reviewed refers almost wholly to specific GAs or samples of GAs, I am concerned here with the national implications of cumulating such narrower views of impact. Space considerations preclude my providing a methodological discussion of impact evaluation except to say that I take a broad view of demonstration of ...