Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.

The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.

Key Features

Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level

Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.

Kerala's People's Plan Campaign 1996–2001: A Critical Assessment

Kerala's People's Plan Campaign 1996–2001: A Critical Assessment

Kerala's people's plan campaign 1996–2001: A critical assessment
T.M. ThomasIsaac

Introduction: The Logic of the Campaign

The People's Plan Campaign (PPC) in Kerala (1996–2001) was a unique experiment in democratic decentralisation. The PPC represented far more than a simple devolution of resources and powers to lower-level elected bodies. It transformed decentralisation from a mere administrative reform exercise from above into a social movement. The PPC was in effect an acceptance of the fact that sufficient institutional capacity did not exist at the local level proportional to the unprecedented scale of devolution. First, the social mobilisation was intended to empower the local bodies to draw up local plans and utilise substantial financial resources and powers devolved to them. Second, the PPC ...

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