Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Changes in Local Administration and their Impact on Community Life in the Grasslands of Inner Mongolia
During the past half century, the local administrative system in China experienced several fundamental changes. These changes were accompanied by the political movement for regime change, civil wars and efforts by the central government to penetrate the remote border regions. In 1911, the Qing dynasty was overthrown in a national revolution movement. Between this year and 1949 (the founding year of the People's Republic), different administrative systems prevailed in different parts of China, such as the Dalai Lama and Kashag government in Tibet, several Mongolian princedoms in Inner Mongolia, Hui warlords in Ningxia, Gansu ...