Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.

The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.

Key Features

Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level

Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.

‘Civil Society’ Revisited: The Anatomy of a Rural NGO in Qinghai

‘Civil Society’ Revisited: The Anatomy of a Rural NGO in Qinghai

‘Civil society’ revisited: The anatomy of a rural NGO in qinghai
RichardBaum and XinZhang

Since the onset of the post-Mao reform movement two decades ago, China has witnessed the emergence of thousands of societal associations. Many of these operate at the sub-national level, including business and professional groups, community and social welfare associations, scholarly societies and a host of other social organisations.

Much of the early Western research on social organisations in post-reform China focused on the question of whether such groupings reflected the emergence of a ‘civil society’ that might eventually challenge the monolithic political control exercised by the communist party-state. Initially spurred in the late-1980s by democratic transitions in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, ...

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