Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.

The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.

Key Features

Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level

Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.

Rural Political Participation in the Maoist and Post-Mao Periods

Rural Political Participation in the Maoist and Post-Mao Periods

Rural political participation in the maoist and post-mao periods

Analytical Framework

Peasants in China have long been active in politics. Even before 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)'s slogan, ‘Emancipate the peasants to become masters of the state’, encouraged many to take part in the fight against the Japanese and the Guomindang. In the 1930s and 1940s, peasant organisations were established in areas controlled by the CCP. These organisations allowed the poorer peasants to take charge of various local affairs. Peasants even gained the right to vote, as the CCP experimented with different forms of elections and methods of democratic decision making. Areas of Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi and Henan, for example, instituted a preliminary form of secret ballot, ...

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