Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Dependency Versus Autonomy: The Identity Crisis of India's Panchayats1
The apologists of British rule in India generally aver that whatever might be the deficiencies of colonialism, it was the colonial government which had introduced several modern institutions on which the post-colonial state could rebuild itself. According to them, the local self-government institutions set up by the imperial government provide one such example, because it was that government, which, for the first time in India, created a forum for participation of people in the public sphere. Such a position is untenable. For, the local government institutions created by the imperial state were, no doubt, ...