Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Reconceptualising Local Democracy: Reflections on Democracy, Power and Resistance in the Indian and Chinese Countryside
We reflect in this chapter on the institutional dynamics and socio-economic processes of local governance in India and China within the broader parameters of the political economy of local democracy. Our focus is the relationship between the forces of market dominance and global incorporation that are transforming many parts of the world including India and China and counter-pressures to enlarge the scope of individual and group autonomy at the grass-roots level. We assess the changing character of local politics in rural India and China in light of the trajectories of ...