Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Local Government System in India and China: Learning from Each other
With the holding of the direct village elections, China has made definite strides towards what has been officially termed as socialist democracy. Today villagers’ committees (hereafter VCs) have emerged as enduring organs of self-government in rural China. Nearly 80 per cent of the villages across China have elected their VCs through a democratic process in which more than 600 million rural voters have taken part. These elections, in the words of a senior official in the ministry of civil affairs, that covered 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, are a ‘quiet revolution in the country side’ which may not have received as much publicity ...