Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
The Environment, the Family and Local Government among the Tajik People
The natural environment tends to have a certain degree of influence on human social organisation. When a people's production capabilities are comparatively low, and when they find themselves in hostile environmental settings, this influence tends to be stronger. Under such conditions, people have little choice but to adopt forms of social organisation that can effectively help them struggle against these tremendous environmental pressures. One such form of social organisation is the extended family.
On the other hand, local governmental representatives have rather little influence on areas where people have to cope with harsh environmental conditions. For the government agencies may not always know how to ...