Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Women and Local Power in India and China: Revisiting the Ghosts of Manu and Confucius
The status of women in India and China have continuously been redefined with the evolution of the great civilisations. Brahminism, and later on the industrial revolution, as well as the freedom struggle influenced the status of women, one way or the other, in India. However, the dominant ideology, namely, patriarchy, continued to be a major influence in determining the subordinate role of women in India.
Similarly, China was also influenced by Confucianism and a radical political revolution, which in turn influenced the status of women dramatically. If Confucianism suggested a subordinate role for Chinese women, Mao Zedong, ...