- Subject index
Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in ...
Chapter 11: Stratification and Institutional Exclusion in China and India: Administrative Means versus Social Barriers1
Stratification and Institutional Exclusion in China and India: Administrative Means versus Social Barriers1
A Tale of Two Nations
As the two most populous nations in the world, China and India indeed share much in common: Both are large and densely inhabited; both have a long history and are rich in culture and tradition; both had a backward economy and low technology development when they acquired modern statehood in the twentieth century; both are featured with a typical dual economy with massive or even ‘unlimited’ supply of low- and unskilled labour from the agricultural sector; and both are inspired and competing with each other to be a world class power and leader.2
Yet, there are also ...