Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in facilitating political participation; Investigates how far the new democratic processes have reduced ethnic subordination, caste hierarchy, and gender injustice at the village level
Comprising individual case studies as well as comparative perspectives, this pioneering volume raises new issues of institution-building and socio-economic change vis-à-vis the right to participate. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, sociologists, and social activists.
Panchayati Raj System in Karnataka: Trends and Issues1
The focus on rural development started with the realisation that the rural sector was underdeveloped economically, socially, politically and needed special attention from the government. Hence, the Community Development Programme was launched in 1952 covering the entire nation. Unfortunately, this programme could not deliver much. According to the observations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee (1957), the main factor that caused the failure of the Community Development Programme was the absence of people's participation. The Committee recommended the creation of a three-tier institutional arrangement to make people's participation meaningful and effective. Necessary legislation was to be enacted by every state to implement the panchayati raj system as a ...