The concept of `governance' has become a central catchword across the social and political sciences. In Governing and Governance, Jan Kooiman revisits and develops his seminal work in the field to map and demonstrate the utility of a sociopolitical perspective to our understanding of contemporary forms of governing, governance and governability. A central underlying theme of the book is the notion of governance as a process of interaction between different societal and political actors and the growing interdependencies between the two as modern societies become ever more complex, dynamic and diverse. Drawing upon a wide range of interdisciplinary insights, the book advances a comprehensive conceptual framework that seeks to capture the different elements, modes and orders of governing and governance. A series of useful distinctions are employed, for example, between self, `co', and hierarchical modes, and between first, second, or meta orders to illustrate the many different structures and levels of modern governance today. Theoretically rich and illuminating, Governing and Governance will be essential reading for all students and academics across the social and political sciences, public management and public administration.
Chapter 10: Institutions (Second-Order Governance)
Institutions (Second-Order Governance)
Social-political problem-solving and opportunity creation (first-order governing) are embedded in institutional settings. The care for and maintenance of these institutions I call second-order governance. In firstorder governing the emphasis is on governing as a process, whereas in second-order governing attention is focused on the structural aspects of governing interactions, controlling or enabling problem-solving or opportunity-creating practices in modern societies. Attention to second-order governing is not only a question of analytical distinction, I am inclined to think that responsibility for institutions is a governing order in itself, with its own character and taste. It would be naive to assume that problems are solved or opportunities created within ‘ideal’ institutional conditions, or that such institutions are explicitly designed for optimal first order ...