Presenting a fresh alternative to traditional state-centered analyses of the process of European integration, Governance in the European Union clearly shows the interaction of subnational, national, and supranational actors in the emerging European polity. This “multilevel politics” approach offers a powerful lens for viewing the future course of European integration. The authors' empirical exploration of areas such as regional governance, social policy, and social movements underpins their broad conceptual and theoretical framework, providing significant new insight into European politics. Governance in the European Union will appeal to students and academics across the broad spectrum of political science, and will be of particular interest to those in European studies, public policy studies, comparative politics, and political theory.
Chapter 1: Examining the Present Euro-Polity with the Help of Past Theories
Examining the Present Euro-Polity with the Help of Past Theories
Europe's self-imposed deadline of 31 December 1992 for the completion of its internal market has passed. Thanks to the Single European Act (SEA), the process of European integration was given a new momentum and the European Community (EC) began to acquire a new institutional configuration. Most of the 282 directives anticipated by the SEA were subsequently drafted by the Commission and approved by the Council of Ministers. Only fifty or so did not make it through the process on schedule and, admittedly, some of these dealt with quite controversial matters. At the level of transposition, or the conversion of EC directives into national law, progress was ...