Governance in education is well recognized as critical to institutional performance and effectiveness. Governance and Management of Higher Education in India is the fifth book in the series India Higher Education Report initiated by the Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration. The book examines macro issues of governance, focusing on the role of the state and market, regulation at national and state levels, and accountability measures. It also looks at institutional issues of autonomy, affiliation, teacher recruitment, and managing quality and excellence. The discussions in the book centre on theoretical perspectives and empirical evidences. The volume will be an important resource for academics, policy makers as well as scholars and researchers of public policy, political science and economics.

Governance and Autonomy: A Study of Central and State Universities

Governance and Autonomy: A study of central and state universities
Garima Malik

Introduction

Higher education in India is going through rapid expansion and diversification. With a gross enrolment ratio (GER) of 25.8, India still has a long way to go for universalization. The rise in the number of institutions and explosion in student enrolments have raised concerns about quality of higher education imparted in the public and private institutions.

India also needs sweeping institutional reforms to overcome the problems of governance (Chandra 2018). The poor governance of the public institutions and the profit motives of the private institutions are reasons for low quality (Chattopadhyay 2012). In a massified higher education system, public funding to ...

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