The task of this introduction is to spell out the concern that was behind the design of the Conference in which the chapters collected here were presented. This concern may be broadly identified as the issue of good governance in democratic societies in the context of globalisation. India and the European Union are viewed in a comparative perspective to see what the two unions can learn from each other. The collapse of the Soviet Union and its allies in Eastern Europe has shown that the model of socialism that was adopted in these countries with the massive role that was assigned to the state in all spheres has not worked. Moreover, the pressure that is imposed by the processes of globalisation implies ...