How has globalization changed social inequality? In this groundbreaking book, Globalization and Inequalities, Sylvia Walby examines the many changing forms of social inequality and their intersectionalities at both country and global levels. She shows how the contest between different modernities and conceptions of progress shape the present and future.
The book re-thinks the nature of economy, polity, civil society and violence. It places globalization and inequalities at the center of an innovative new understanding of modernity and progress and demonstrates the power of these theoretical reformulations in practice, drawing on global data and in-depth analysis of the U.S. and EU.
Walby analyzes the tensions between the different forces that are shaping global futures. She examines the regulation and deregulation of employment and welfare; domestic and public gender regimes; secular and religious polities; path dependent trajectories and global political waves; and global inequalities and human rights.
Globalization and Inequalities is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students and academics of sociology, social theory, gender studies and politics and international relations, geography, economics and law.
Chapter 9: Measuring Progress
The meaning of progress is contested. As described in the introductory chapter, there are four major types of approach to progress in the contemporary global era: economic development; equality; human rights; and capabilities. The goal of economic development is often the pre-eminent goal of governments and the global institutions of financial governance. This has long been seriously contested by the projects of equality and of human rights. More recently it has been challenged by the capabilities project. All of these have very significant variations.
What are the implications of using one rather than another of these contested framings of progress? When different definitions are used, how do countries fare? The assessment of these diverse framings of progress is investigated here using robust comparable ...