How has globalization changed social inequality? In this groundbreaking book, Globalization and Inequalities, Sylvia Walby examines the many changing forms of social inequality and their intersectionalities at both country and global levels. She shows how the contest between different modernities and conceptions of progress shape the present and future.
The book re-thinks the nature of economy, polity, civil society and violence. It places globalization and inequalities at the center of an innovative new understanding of modernity and progress and demonstrates the power of these theoretical reformulations in practice, drawing on global data and in-depth analysis of the U.S. and EU.
Walby analyzes the tensions between the different forces that are shaping global futures. She examines the regulation and deregulation of employment and welfare; domestic and public gender regimes; secular and religious polities; path dependent trajectories and global political waves; and global inequalities and human rights.
Globalization and Inequalities is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students and academics of sociology, social theory, gender studies and politics and international relations, geography, economics and law.
Chapter 10: Comparative Paths Through Modernity: Neoliberalism and Social Democracy
Comparative Paths Through Modernity: Neoliberalism and Social Democracy
Path dependency entails a distinctive chain of inter-connected events over time in a social system in which an event at one point in time has implications for later events. The implication of path dependency is that there is neither a single route to modernity, nor so many that distinct patterns cannot be identified. It is a concept that is situated in the tension between general social theory and the analysis of particularism. This chapter compares path dependent trajectories in order to develop theoretical aspects of path dependency and to investigate the explanation of specific trajectories.
The thesis of path dependency depends upon the divergence of the paths being sustained over time; ...