Moving beyond terror groups to examine non-state actors including warlords, gangs and private security companies, Violent Non-State Actors: • Guides you through the core theories and concepts, taking a multidisciplinary approach • Examines different explanations for the emergence of violent non-state actors as well as strategies for dealing with them • Weaves in international case studies from groups including the Islamic State, Los Zetas, Hamas, and Al Qaeda, as well as discussion questions, further reading and definitions of key terms A must read for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students in politics, international relations, security and terrorism studies.



The concept of security has changed over time. In the past, security was conceived as the ability to protect the state from external threats. Today, security encompasses a much wider definition, taking into account human safety and well-being. This is all the more important given that threats to security no longer only endanger states, but citizens living in these states as well. Interstate conflict has become a rarity, while civil conflicts and unconventional forms of violence have become the norm. Some studies claim that due to unconventional forms of violence, the civilian death toll in conflicts could be as high as 90% (European Union, 2003). Though the 90% figure has been disputed as an inflated projection, there is no doubt that civilians constitute a ...

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