Moving beyond terror groups to examine non-state actors including warlords, gangs and private security companies, Violent Non-State Actors: • Guides you through the core theories and concepts, taking a multidisciplinary approach • Examines different explanations for the emergence of violent non-state actors as well as strategies for dealing with them • Weaves in international case studies from groups including the Islamic State, Los Zetas, Hamas, and Al Qaeda, as well as discussion questions, further reading and definitions of key terms A must read for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students in politics, international relations, security and terrorism studies.

Global Explanations

Global Explanations

Global Explanations

Key Terms

  • Diasporic communities
  • Global market
  • Identity politics
  • Kurdish diaspora
  • Privatization of security
  • Tri-border area
  • Tamil diaspora

Global factors are important for explaining the effectiveness of violent non-state actors and to some extent why they arise. By global factors we are referring to the decline of bipolarity and the emergence of a globalized world. Most work on globalization has focused on how it impacts international trade and the activities of multinational corporations. But globalization is not just about promoting economic linkages but also about facilitating the linkages of illicit trade, shadow markets and violent non-state actors. Global factors have affected violent non-state actors’ organizational structure, strategy, coherence and longevity.1 Global factors have made violent non-state actors more efficient and harmful (Aas, 2013).

In this chapter, we first explain how changes ...

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