Moving beyond terror groups to examine non-state actors including warlords, gangs and private security companies, Violent Non-State Actors: • Guides you through the core theories and concepts, taking a multidisciplinary approach • Examines different explanations for the emergence of violent non-state actors as well as strategies for dealing with them • Weaves in international case studies from groups including the Islamic State, Los Zetas, Hamas, and Al Qaeda, as well as discussion questions, further reading and definitions of key terms A must read for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students in politics, international relations, security and terrorism studies.
Chapter 2: Understanding Violence and Non-conventional Warfare
Understanding Violence and Non-conventional Warfare
- Guerrilla warfare
- Grey-zone violence
- Crime-terror nexus
- Comando Vermelho (CV) and the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC)
As the previous chapter explained, the bulk of scholarly work on violence focused on interstate conflict (Davenport and Gates, 2014). Recently, scholars have noted, however, that internal conflicts are not only much more common, but also much longer in duration and more destructive (DeRouen and Bercovitch, 2008; Fearon, 2004; Kegley and Blanton, 2015). Increasing conflicts involving violent non-state actors have prompted a renewed interest in the study of unconventional conflict and violence (Chenoweth and Lawrence, 2010: 2). In general, long-standing assumptions about fighting conflicts have been challenged. Definitions of threats have changed, battles have changed and conflict and violence have transformed (Sullivan, ...