The last decade has witnessed a revival of interest in the problems of modernity and modernization. In particular, three major processes have emerged as objects of debate: " The transformations of capitalism manifested in globalization and the unfolding of post-industrial society " The rapid and strong economic development of countries outside the West " The political and economic transformations in the post-Soviet countries of Eastern Europe
Chapter 2: The Classic Theory of Modernization: Modernization of Traditional Third World Societies
The Classic Theory of Modernization: Modernization of Traditional Third World Societies
Evolutionism and Structural-Functionalism
The classic theory of modernization (or the first wave of modernization theories) was developed in the United States in the post-war period to study problems of underdeveloped countries and propose strategies for economic growth and political stability. The theory was influenced by two fundamental historical processes: decolonization, and the confrontation between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union.
The end of the European colonial empires (the English, French, Dutch, Belgian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian) brought on the rise of dozens of new nation-states, some with ancient and consolidated cultures and with well-defined geographic frontiers, others with artificial unity and precarious borders. ...