The last decade has witnessed a revival of interest in the problems of modernity and modernization. In particular, three major processes have emerged as objects of debate: " The transformations of capitalism manifested in globalization and the unfolding of post-industrial society " The rapid and strong economic development of countries outside the West " The political and economic transformations in the post-Soviet countries of Eastern Europe
Chapter 1: Modernization and Modernity
Modernization and Modernity
The Concepts of Modernization and Modernity
By modernization we mean the sum of the processes of large-scale change through which a certain society tends to acquire the economic, political, social and cultural characteristics considered typical of modernity.
The concept of modernization implies, therefore, the concept of modernity in the meaning it acquired in the eighteenth century, even though its origins go back many centuries. The late Latin term modernus derives from modo, which means ‘now, recently’, and dates back to the end of the fifth century ad. It was used in an antinomic sense compared to antiquus, particularly by St Augustine to contrast the new Christian era with pagan antiquity. More generally, it was used as a means of describing and legitimizing ...