The last decade has witnessed a revival of interest in the problems of modernity and modernization. In particular, three major processes have emerged as objects of debate: " The transformations of capitalism manifested in globalization and the unfolding of post-industrial society " The rapid and strong economic development of countries outside the West " The political and economic transformations in the post-Soviet countries of Eastern Europe



The concepts of modernization and modernity have a peculiar fate: their popularity in the everyday language of mass media, political discourse and educated public opinion appears almost inversely proportional to their position in comparative social sciences research. Not a week passes in which one does not hear or read about the necessity of modernizing public administration, modes of transportation or schools in this or that country. A week does not pass without reading or hearing news and comments on the modernization program of the UK Labour government or the Chinese Communist Party. In the past few years, the concepts have not wavered in popularity and are still very widespread, both in the general sense of various attempts at reforming political and institutional frameworks, as ...

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