Global Commons: Issues, Concerns and Strategies presents a comprehensive international perspective on the global commons—natural resource domains that are not subject to national jurisdictions and are accessible to all nations. These include the oceans, atmosphere and outer space, and specific locations such as Antarctica. Due to their critical importance in maintaining human lives and livelihoods, and their vulnerability to depletion, the collaborative preservation of the global commons is of great relevance to all human communities. Leading world powers, such as France, are increasingly adopting environmental policies as key to their functioning as democracies. After the Paris Climate Conference, there has been a spurt in cooperation between major nations, such as France and India, in the fight against climate change. This book provides exhaustive coverage of all the major facets of preservation of the global commons. It will, therefore, prove indispensable to all stakeholders in a new, just and sustainable world order.
Chapter 8: Views on Environmental Democracy in France
Views on Environmental Democracy in France
Environmental Democracy, in France, is at the crossroads of human rights and environmental protection. It follows the same ‘philosophy of life’ that motivated the great republicans of the 1789 Revolution and later the members of the Constituent Assembly of 1946. This philosophy is that of a democracy in which participatory forms of government complement the general expression of political suffrage (Sauvé 2010).
Principle 10 of the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development proclaimed that:
Environmental issues are best handled with participation of all concerned citizens, at the relevant level. At the national level, each individual shall have appropriate access to information concerning the environment that is held by public ...